Pregnancy eating habits and risk of tumor appearance in descendants in children and adolescents


  • Danai Theofilopoulou MSc Program “Strategies of Developmental and Adolescent Health”, 2nd Department of Pediatrics, “P. & A. Kyriakou” Children’s Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 27 Athens, Greece
  • Maria Tsouka MSc Program “Strategies of Developmental and Adolescent Health”, 2nd Department of Pediatrics, “P. & A. Kyriakou” Children’s Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 27 Athens, Greece
  • Eleni Panagouli MSc Program “Strategies of Developmental and Adolescent Health”, 2nd Department of Pediatrics, “P. & A. Kyriakou” Children’s Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 27 Athens, Greece
  • Theodoros Sergentanis MSc Program “Strategies of Developmental and Adolescent Health”, 2nd Department of Pediatrics, “P. & A. Kyriakou” Children’s Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 27 Athens, Greece
  • Artemis Tsitsika MSc Program “Strategies of Developmental and Adolescent Health”, 2nd Department of Pediatrics, “P. & A. Kyriakou” Children’s Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 27 Athens, Greece


cancer, leukemia, pregnant, infant, nutrition


Proper nutrition is generally defined as a diet that includes all food groups in balanced amounts. The Mediterranean diet is considered to be the standard diet, which seems to equip the human body with the necessary elements to prevent diseases. The present review included 46 surveys conducted during the period from 1995-2005. Research shows that nutrition plays an important role in pregnancy, as inadequate or excessive food intake has been associated with long-term and non-communicable diseases in the offspring. This literature review focuses on the role the diet followed by women during pregnancy plays and especially on the data related to its association with the occurrence of cancer in the offspring. The data highlight the diet of pregnant women as a potential factor in the occurrence of various types of infant or childhood cancer. In particular, micro and macro elements, such as carotenoids, caffeine, folic acid, vitamin C seem to have effects on the fetus when consumed by pregnant women and are involved in epigenetic processes. In conclusion, the advantages and limitations of the various studies were identified, as well as points that need further research.


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